Judaism does not have a formal mandatory beliefs The most accepted summary of Jewish beliefs is Rambam's 13 principles of faith Even these basic principles have been debated Judaism focuses on the relationships between the Creator, mankind, and the land of Israel This is a far more difficult question than you might expect.
Siddur and Jewish liturgy Piyyut Classical Jewish poetry Many traditional Jewish texts are available online in various Torah databases electronic versions of the Traditional Jewish Bookshelf. Many of these have advanced search options available.
Jewish legal literature Main article: According to rabbinic tradition, there are commandments in the Torah. Some of these laws are directed only to men or to women, some only to the ancient Jewish faith groups, the Kohanim and Leviyim members of the tribe of Levisome only to farmers within the Land of Israel.
Many laws were only applicable when the Temple in Jerusalem existed, and only of these commandments are still applicable today. These oral traditions were transmitted by the Pharisee school of thought of ancient Judaism and were later recorded in written form and expanded upon by the rabbis.
The Oral law is the oral tradition as relayed by God to Moses and from him, transmitted and taught to the sages rabbinic leaders of each subsequent generation.
For centuries, the Torah appeared only as a written text transmitted in parallel with the oral tradition. Fearing that the oral teachings might be forgotten, Rabbi Judah haNasi undertook the mission of consolidating the various opinions into one body of law which became known as the Mishnah.
The commentaries from each of these communities were eventually compiled into the two Talmudsthe Jerusalem Talmud Talmud Yerushalmi and the Babylonian Talmud Talmud Bavli.
These have been further expounded by commentaries of various Torah scholars during the ages. In the text of the Torah, many words are left undefined and many procedures are mentioned without explanation or instructions.
Such phenomena are sometimes offered to validate the viewpoint that the Written Law has always been transmitted with a parallel oral tradition, illustrating the assumption that the reader is already familiar with the details from other, i. The Halakha has developed slowly, through a precedent-based system.
The literature of questions to rabbis, and their considered answers, is referred to as responsa in HebrewSheelot U-Teshuvot. Over time, as practices develop, codes of Jewish law are written that are based on the responsa; the most important code, the Shulchan Aruchlargely determines Orthodox religious practice today.
Jewish philosophy Jewish philosophy refers to the conjunction between serious study of philosophy and Jewish theology. Major changes occurred in response to the Enlightenment late 18th to early 19th century leading to the post-Enlightenment Jewish philosophers. Modern Jewish philosophy consists of both Orthodox and non-Orthodox oriented philosophy.
Soloveitchikand Yitzchok Hutner. Rabbinic hermeneutics 13 Principles of Hermeneutics: A law that operates under certain conditions will surely be operative in other situations where the same conditions are present in a more acute form A law operating in one situation will also be operative in another situation if the text characterizes both situations in identical terms.
A law that clearly expresses the purpose it was meant to serve will also apply to other situations where the identical purpose may be served. When a general rule is followed by illustrative particulars, only those particulars are to be embraced by it.Sep 14, · Judaism is very much a family faith and the ceremonies start early, when a Jewish boy baby is circumcised at eight days old, following the instructions that God gave to .
If a Jewish man marries a woman brought up in a different faith, and they have a child, would the Reform Jewish community consider their child to be Jewish? The great codifier of Torah law and Jewish philosophy, Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon ("Maimonides" also known as "The Rambam"), compiled what he refers to as the Shloshah Asar Ikkarim, the "Thirteen Fundamental Principles" of the Jewish faith, as derived from the .
The first to attempt to formulate Jewish principles of faith was Philo of Alexandria. He enumerated five articles: God is and rules; God is one; the world was created by God; Creation is one, and God's providence rules Creation. The basic Jewish beliefs, including Maimonides' 13 Principles of Faith, the importance of actions over beliefs, and the importance of relationships in Judaism.
Pronounced: TALL-mud, Origin: Hebrew, the set of teachings and commentaries on the Torah that form the basis for Jewish law. Comprised of the Mishnah and the Gemara, it contains the opinions of thousands of rabbis from different periods in Jewish history.