Ngugi wa thiong o notes on the river between

His first major play, The Black Hermit, was performed inwhich introduced Ngugi into the literary scene in East Africa. This early trilogy set a firm foundation for his writing. Ngugi was the first English-educated African writer to develop fiction portraying the Kikuyu view of the colonial war, the Mau Mau Emergency or Rebellion, which was a violent uprising by the Kikuyu people against British control. This event put the region in a state of emergency from to

Ngugi wa thiong o notes on the river between

It depicts the slow but steady infiltration by the British; the alienation of local people from their land; the negative effects of Christian mission on local power structures, rituals and relationships; and the deep disunity between different African factions that preceded the anticolonial struggle of the s.

But what made me read it with a sense of seething rage was the way circumcision, and in particular, female circumcision a. FGM Female Genital Mutilationis used to symbolise the purity of the tribe and is therefore a ritual worth protecting against change.

Joshua is a Christianised firebrand preacher who has decreed that his daughters will not be circumcised because it is a pagan ritual. Opposition to circumcision is parcelled up with all the other wrongs that the Christianising colonising interlopers bring with them: Muthoni dies, and the villagers ascribe her death to the malevolent influence of the new religion.

There is no mention of the infection which is obvious to any contemporary reader, only its symptoms. Nyambura and Waiyaki fall in love, but the political forces that are tearing the village apart exacerbate the Romeo and Juliet scenario and it all ends badly.

When Waiyaki reflects on his uncertainties, he struggles to reconcile his desire to help his people through education without alienating them from their traditions. Hers was a search for salvation for herself. She had the courage to attempt a reconciliation of the many forces that wanted to control her.

She had realised her need, the need to have a wholesome and beautiful life that enriched you and made you grow. His father, too, had tried to reconcile the two ways, not in himself, but through his son. Waiyaki was a product of that attempt.

Yes, in the quietness of the hill, Waiyaki had realised many things.

Ngugi wa thiong o notes on the river between

Circumcision of women was not important as a physical operation. It was what it did inside a person. It could not be stopped overnight. Patience, and above all, education, were needed. An attempt at resolution of the conflict would only kill you, as it did Muthoni.

Ngugi wa thiong o notes on the river between

Women trying to end this barbaric practice in societies where it continues, must gnash their teeth when they read that, and that it cannot be stopped overnight.

That was back in and I have no reason to change my opinion now, even if a potential Nobel prize winner chooses to romanticise it.Weep Not, Child is Kenyan author Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o's first novel, published in under the name James Ngugi. It was the first English novel to be published by an East African.

[1] [2] [3] Thiong'o's works deal with the relationship between Africans and the British colonists in Africa, and are heavily critical of British colonial rule.

[4]. "Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o". Books and Writers; Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o – Overview; biography and booklist; Biography of Ngugi from University of Florida Library; The Language of Scholarship in Africa, lecture by Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o, published in Leeds African Studies Bulletin 74 (December ), pp.

42– In The River Between (), Ngugi wa Thiong'o uses a distinction in setting between two mountain ridges as an organizing conceit that dramatizes the antagonism between two competing native constituencies and their seemingly irreconcilable belief structures.

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Notes on Ngugi Wa Thion'o's The river between ( edition) | Open Library

The River Between (paperback). A 50th-anniversary edition of one of the most powerful novels by the great Kenyan author and Nobel Prize nomineeA legendary work of African literature, this moving and eye-opening novel lucidly captures the drama of a people and culture whose world has been overturned.

The River Between explores life in the mountains of Kenya during the early days of white. About Ngugi wa Thiong’o Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o is an award-winning novelist, playwright, and essayist from Kenya whose novels have been translated into more than thirty languages.

He is Distinguished Professor of English at the University of California, Irvine. A masterful writer working in many genres, Ngugi wa Thiong'o entered the East African literary scene in with the performance of his first major play, The Black Hermit, at the National Theatre in Uganda.

Weep Not, Child - Wikipedia