The achievements of marco polo a venetian merchant traveler

The published editions of his book either rely on single manuscripts, blend multiple versions together, or add notes to clarify, for example in the English translation by Henry Yule.

The achievements of marco polo a venetian merchant traveler

See Article History Marco Polo, born c.

Marco Polo achievements

The family had traded with the Middle East for a long time, acquiring considerable wealth and prestige. Although it is uncertain if the Polos were of the nobility, the matter was of little importance in Venicea city of republican and mercantile traditions. The family appears to have been shrewd, alert, and courageous; about they foresaw a political change in Constantinople e.

He was age 15 or 16 when his father and uncle returned to meet him and learned that the pope, Clement IVhad recently died. The Polos had been on the road for only a few days when they heard that their friend Teobaldo had been elected pope as Gregory X.

Returning to Acre, they were given proper credentials, and two friars were assigned to accompany them, though they abandoned the Polos shortly after the expedition resumed.

Marco Polo: Facts, Biography & Travels

Marco, his father, and his uncle set out from Venice in and reached China in The Polos spent a total of 17 years in China. There the Polos decided not to risk a sea passage to India and beyond but to proceed overland to the Mongol capital. Marco suggests that they remained there for a year; detained, perhaps, by illness possibly malaria that was cured by the benign climate of the district.

It is also believed that Marco visited territories to the south other parts of Afghanistan, Kafiristan in the Hindu KushChitral in what is now Pakistan, and perhaps Kashmir during this period.

It is, however, difficult to establish which districts he traversed and which he may have described from information gathered en route. The Yuan Mongol empire c. Nevertheless, it is well known that many foreigners were in the employ of the state, since the Mongol rulers did not trust their Chinese subjects; so it would have been natural for the Polos to fit in most honourably and successfully with this motley society.

The extent of their success and the specific roles they filled, however, remains an open question.

The achievements of marco polo a venetian merchant traveler

The elder Polos were probably employed in some technical capacity. The whole episode is dubious, however. Marco was about age 20 when he reached Cathay. Although he knew little or no Chinese, he did speak some of the many languages then used in East Asia—most probably Turkish in its Coman dialect as spoken among the Mongols, Arabized Persian, Uighur Uygurand perhaps Mongol.

He was noticed very favourably by Kublai, who took great delight in hearing of strange countries and repeatedly sent him on fact-finding missions to distant parts of the empire. Apart from the missions he undertook for the emperor, Polo may have held other administrative responsibilities, including inspection of the customs duties and revenues collected from the trade in salt and other commodities.

Early life

According to some versions of Il milione, he governed the city of Yangzhou for three years sometime between and ; but this assertion seems hardly credible and hinges entirely on the interpretation of one word. There is, however, ample evidence to show that Polo considered himself an adoptive son of his new country.

The return to Venice Sometime around according to Otagia Mongol princess was to be sent to Persia to become the consort of Arghun Khanand the Polos offered to accompany her. Marco wrote that Kublai had been unwilling to let them go but finally granted permission.

They were eager to leave, in part, because Kublai was nearly 80, and his death and the consequent change in regime might have been dangerous for a small group of isolated foreigners. Naturally, they also longed to see their native Venice and their families again.Marco Polo Venetian merchant and traveler.

His accounts of his travels to China offered Europeans a firsthand view of Asian lands and stimulated interest in Asian trade.

The achievements of marco polo a venetian merchant traveler

Venetian traveler/merchant from Europe who spend 17 years at court of Kublai Khan Genghis Khan One of the Mongol's greatest leaders and founder of the Mongol Empire. Marco Polo was the legendary Italian merchant, explorer and traveler, who travelled to China and worked under emperor, Kublai Khan.

Read this biography to learn more about his Spouse: Donata Badoer. Sep 12,  · Watch video · Marco Polo () was a Venetian merchant believed to have journeyed across Asia at the height of the Mongol Empire. He first set out at age 17 with his father and uncle, traveling overland.

Marco polo was a venetian merchant traveler. When he was younger he grew up in Venice which was a big trading city. So unlike most kids his age he . Marco Polo, (born c. , Venice [Italy]—died January 8, , Venice), Venetian merchant and adventurer, who traveled from Europe to Asia in –95, remaining in China for 17 of those years, and whose Il milione (“The Million”), known in English as the Travels of .

Marco Polo: The Venetian Traveler and Extraordinary Explorer