Initially a dispute over the future of Europe, it grew to include confrontations around the world. Roosevelt assured the American people that any thought of a breakup of the wartime alliance with the Soviet Union was simply Nazi propaganda:
Old fears and prejudices were rekindled and the new, very real, threat of nuclear war impacted public policies as well as the daily lives of people across the country. The Red Scare Central to the Cold War on the American homefront was the fear that communist spies were trying to destroy the country from within.
This fear rose to a fever pitch between and during what is known as the Red Scare or the Great Fear. During this time there was a strong attempt to root out communists and communist sympathizers at all levels of society.
During this time period, the federal government and other institutions created loyalty programs.
To keep their jobs, or to be hired, employees had to swear an oath of loyalty to the Constitution and to swear that they had never been a part of an organization that had advocated the overthrow of the government.
They also had to swear that they would never join any such group in the future. The program went further and required hearings and investigations if someone was accused of being disloyal.
Under President Truman the first loyalty program was started in - affecting federal employees and potential employees. The program soon spread to other organizations, particularly state governments, schools, and universities. These loyalty programs were controversial.
On the one hand they attempted to root out dangerous spies and subversives; on the other, they violated the constitutional rights of freedom of speech, association, and privacy. Thousands of people lost their jobs when they refused the oath, thousands more were fired when they were falsely accused of being communists.
It was fairly easy to be accused of being a communist. People who spoke out against the government or called for social reforms were often investigated. Civil Rights leaders such as Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. King and many others called for peaceful demonstrations rather than a violent overthrow of the government.
Steinbeck's novels, especially The Grapes of Wrathmade him suspect; Steinbeck questioned the social and economic systems in the United States and whether they truly benefited everyone.
His links to Hollywood also made him a potential communist in the eyes of many people. In the House Un American Activities Committee HUACheld a series of very public hearings on directors, writers, and actors who were all suspected of or accused of being communists.
The hearings led to a group called the "Hollywood Ten" being sent to jail when they refused to testify about their past associations what organizations they joined, meetings they had attended, and friends they had.
This was a very difficult time in the entertainment industry. Even people who were not convicted of any crime or disloyal acts were often "blacklisted. Many people were willing to testify against others, even friends, in order to avoid being investigated themselves - often times knowing the person was innocent.
McCarthy delivered an address in February of in which he said he had obtained a list of more than known communist infiltrators working within the United States government.
Although he never delivered any proof, McCarthy's accusations caused the investigation of many of his political opponents. Anyone who appeared weak on communism or the Soviet Union could be brought under investigation. McCarthy's witch hunt finally stopped in when the Senate voted to censure him.
Union leaders, artists, Civil Rights leaders, anti-war demonstrators - anyone could be suspected of being a communist and a Soviet spy during the Cold War.
Although there were certainly spies and infiltrators, the fear of them was greatly exaggerated.
Recent scholarship has shown that Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, who were convicted and executed for giving atomic secrets to the Soviet Union a conviction that was highly suspect at the timewere most likely guilty; however, recently released documents also show that men like Dr.In this book, Professor Myongsob Kim, advocating for a serious academic dialogue between contemporary history and political science, applies this Clausewitzian wisdom to the Korean War—the first ‘hot war’ in the whole course of the Cold War—with a special focus on the armistice.
The Korean War and the division between North and South Korea can be traced back to the end of World War II. Korea, which had previously been colonized by the Japanese, was arbitrarily divided up. According to the Defense Prisoner of War/Missing Personnel Office, more than 83, Americans are missing from World War II, the Korean War, the Cold War, the Vietnam War, and the Gulf War.
Cold War A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
The Korean War was the first armed confrontation of the Cold War and set the standard for many later conflicts. It created the idea of a proxy war, where the two superpowers w ould fight in. Cold Relations of the Korean War: Joseph Stalin, Mao Tse-tung, and Kim Il Sung and Kim Il Sung of North Korea before and during the Korean War from to was “cold in the sense that it was based on personal agendas and the necessity of This marks the connection between the Soviet Union and China in order to.